The formation of calluses is caused by an accumulation of dead skin cells that harden and thicken over an area of the foot. This callus formation isthe body's defense mechanism to protect the foot against excessive pressure and friction. Calluses are normally found on the ball-of-the-foot, the heel, and/or the inside of the big toe. Some calluses have a deep seated core known as a nucleation. This particular type of callus can be especially painful to pressure. This condition is often referred to as Intractable Plantar Keratosis. Cause Lack of protection for hands- Using hand tools without gloves can cause friction in the hands leading to corns and calluses. Don't use a razor blade, knife, or scissors to cut the hard skin, especially if you are a diabetic or have poor circulation. It is too easy to cut into the thinner skin underneath, and too hard to judge the proper thickness while working on oneself. Deep cuts can lead to a wound or infection that may lead to amputation in those who have poor wound healing. Don't try to poke or drain at home a corn or callus that becomes warm or red. This can simply seed bacteria further into the foot, possibly to bone, especially if one does not use sterile instruments to drain the fluid. Over the winter the cuttings will develop callous and possibly some roots. Placing them in the hole upside down puts the butt ends closest to the surface, so they can be warmed by the sun, creating favorable conditions for root development. Being upside down also discourages top growth. Leave them alone until about mid spring after the danger of frost has passed. Change is something we all go through all the time, though we may not realise it. We cannot actually see change happening, we just see the results of change. Sometimes change is easy, other times it is a long and torturous process. Well foot calluses are easily treated. The simple solution is to remove the pressure causing the calluses in the first place. Once the pressure has been removed the callus should subside, so long as it is treated with care. Understandably, if pressure has been caused in that area it is most likely due to actions the host is taking that is causing such pressure. A comfortable pair of shoes might be in order and rest from staying on your feet for long periods is advised. To keep those tootsies of yours in good health, learn how to prevent certain foot conditions that can leave you lame, or unable to walk. Routine podiatric visits are important in maintaining diabetic foot health, especially since during these visits, calluses and nails can be debrided to relieve any excessive pressure to the feet. Furthermore, routine visits can provide early warning signals of impending problems, as detailed in this article. Daily foot hygiene should be incorporated into diabetic foot care. This includes washing the feet and changing socks daily. Making sure that the foot has adequate moisture, which can be ensured by moisturing lotion. Be careful with over-moisturized feet for this may lead to the breakdown of skin.